On the external validity of two psychotherapy analogues

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Investigated the similarity between 2 live psychotherapy analogs and real psychotherapeutic interviews. 23 therapists participated in 2 different types of analog situations and in initial intake sessions with real clients. In both of the analogs, a recruited S presented a real personal problem to the therapists in helping interactions. Audiotapes of the real and analog interviews were rated on 10 dependent variables, which were different dimensions of therapist and client behaviors. Different results were obtained for each analog. The major findings concern mean differences between the analog and real interviews and the linear relationships between the real and analog interviews. Additional findings, including significant interactions between the type of interview and the experience level of the therapist, are also discussed. Results indicate that the generalizability of the analogs is contingent on the dependent variables in question, the type of relationship to be predicted, and the experience level of the therapists. (23 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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