Effects of a self-control manual, rapid smoking, and amount of therapist contact on smoking reduction

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Abstract

Evaluated a self-help treatment manual consisting of stimulus control, rapid smoking, and coping relaxation techniques. 69 Ss, average age 32.6 yrs, who smoked at least 20 cigarettes/day were randomly assigned to (a) a self-help manual with minimal (2 sessions) therapist contact, (b) a self-help manual with high (7 sessions) therapist contact, (c) a high-therapist-contact rapid smoking condition, or to (d) a high-therapist-contact normal-paced smoking condition. Results indicate that while the overall program was moderately effective, groups did not differ on percentage of baseline smoking or on number of Ss abstinent at posttreatment or 3-mo or 6-mo follow-up. Informant reports of Ss' smoking behavior and carbon monoxide analyses of expired air samples confirmed these findings. Ss in the minimal contact condition generally followed through on their programs, required less therapist time, and were at least as successful as those in other groups in terms of long-term results. Implications for self-help manuals for smoking reduction are discussed. (35 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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