Comparison of symbolic and overt aversion in the self-control of smoking

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Compared rapid smoking (overt aversion), covert sensitization (symbolic aversion), and a combination of the 2 in a self-punishment procedure for reducing and eliminating cigarette smoking. 60 adults (mean age 40 yrs) were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 experimental groups or to the control group. The overt group achieved significantly greater reduction than the symbolic group, and the combined group did not differ significantly from either of the single treatment groups. Six of 15 persons in the overt aversion group were completely abstinent 1 yr after treatment, as opposed to 1 in each of the other experimental groups. (1 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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