Use of a behavioral-analytic procedure in evaluating two models of depression

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Abstract

A study with 125 undergraduates evaluated 2 central hypotheses of the behavioral and cognitive models of depression using descriptions of problematic situations derived from behavioral-analytic procedures. Relatively depressed (Beck Depression Inventory) male and relatively depressed female Ss rated their respective problematic situations as being more difficult to cope with than did nondepressed Ss, supporting both a social skill deficit view and a cognitive distortion view. Supporting the notions of increased stimulation sensitivity and selective attention to aversive stimuli, relatively depressed female Ss rated the situations as causing more concern than nondepressed females; ratings by male Ss failed to achieve statistical significance. Findings suggest that further research is warranted in evaluating behavioral and cognitive models of depression using behavioral-analytic techniques. (4 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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