Nonspecific improvement effects in depression using interpersonal skills training, pleasant activity schedules, or cognitive training

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Gave 66 depressed outpatients treatment focusing on either interpersonal skills, cognitions, or pleasant events. In each treatment modality, approximately half of the patients received immediate treatment and half received delayed treatment. Patients were assessed at 4 intervals to determine response to treatment and follow-up status. Results indicate that all treatment modalities significantly alleviated depression. However, no treatment modality had specific impact on the variables most relevant to its treatment format. Instead, all patients improved on most dependent variables, regardless of whether the variables were directly addressed in treatment. Results are discussed in terms of A. Bandura's (1977) self-efficacy model. (35 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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