Self-desensitization and meditation in the reduction of public speaking anxiety

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Assigned 38 speech-anxious students to the following self-administered treatment conditions: (a) systematic desensitization, (b) desensitization with meditation replacing progressive relaxation, (c) meditation only, and (d) no treatment. All 3 treatment manuals included coping-skill instructions. The results indicate that the 3 treatments were equally effective in reducing anxiety and produced a greater reduction in self-reported (but not behavioral) anxiety than that found in untreated Ss. Reliable changes in physiological manifestations of anxiety were found only in Ss who rated the treatment rationale as highly credible. High credibility ratings were also associated with significantly greater reductions in self-reported anxiety. (20 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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