Broad-spectrum behavioral approach to smoking cessation: Effects of social support and paraprofessional training on the maintenance of treatment effects

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Abstract

Conducted 2 treatment programs to determine the efficacy of a multi-component smoking intervention and various maintenance procedures. Prior to Program 1, 60 smokers were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 experimental conditions--a smoking abstinence program (SAP), a smoking abstinence program plus social support (SAP-SS), a smoking abstinence program plus social support and paraprofessional training (SAP-SS-PT)--or to 1 of 2-control conditions--effort control (EC) or a waiting list (WL). Individuals assigned to EC and WL conditions became treatment participants (EC-SAP-SS, WL-SAP-SS) during Program 2 and received training from SAP-SS-PT Ss. Results indicate that social support and paraprofessional training tended to facilitate maintenance, although 6-mo follow-up data revealed considerable relapse across treatment conditions. (2 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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