Maintaining behavior change: An investigation of three maintenance strategies and the relationship of self-attribution to the long-term reduction of cigarette smoking

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After receiving an identical, nonaversive treatment package, 42 Ss (respondents to a newspaper ad; mean age 37.68) were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 maintenance strategies: modeling, participant observing, or a self-monitoring control. These Ss showed a mean smoking rate of 46% of baseline at 1 yr and no significant relapse between 6 mo and 1 yr. Significant group differences and correlations with attribution and other questionnaire measures were found. A 2nd sample of 32 treated Ss, who observed the original Ss during their maintenance strategy sessions, achieved highly similar results on correlational, smoking, and abstinence rate measures, providing some support for the replicability of the results. (2 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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