Elicited effects of approval and disapproval: An examination of parameters having implications for counseling couples in conflict

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Abstract

Explored the elicited effects of changes in approval and disapproval behaviors on the behaviors and perceived satisfaction of dating partners. 80 dating couples role-played conflict situations, and their behaviors were observed by trained raters. The couples periodically reported their perceptions of their behaviors. Four of the 5 hypotheses were substantiated. Disapproval was found to elicit strong reciprocal behavior and dissatisfaction. Approval eliciting effects occurred but were weaker. Male elicitors, in particular, felt less satisfied and less powerful. The potential implications of these results for behavioral treatment of couples are discussed. (4 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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