Personality change in drug abusers: A comparison of therapeutic community and prison groups

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Compared test measured changes (MMPI, the Sensation-Seeking Scale, Eysenck's Personality Inventory, and the Personal Orientation Inventory) in 59 male drug abusers treated in a therapeutic community (TC) with the changes in 37 untreated male drug abusers spending the equivalent time in prison. The treated (TC) group decreased more than the controls on MMPI measures of general psychopathology, but measures of impulse disorder (Psychopathic Deviate and Hypomania scales) remained elevated in the TC group. The TC group also showed a greater decrease in sensation seeking and greater increases in self-actualization and extraversion tendencies. Results show very little change in drug abusers confined in prison relative to the marked changes in those treated in a TC. Whereas the TC treatment did affect neurotic-like and psychotic-like tendencies, it did not markedly affect the psychopathic traits of many drug abusers. (2 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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