Follicular phase secretion of inhibin B, like that of estradiol (E2), correlates with the quantity and quality of developing follicles. However, it has not been established whether inhibin B responses to gonadotropin stimulation parallel those of E2 as a reflection of granulosa cell functional capacity.Objective:
Our objective was to determine whether inhibin B responses to FSH stimulation are similar to those of E2 in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and normal women.Design and Setting:
We conducted a prospective study to compare ovarian responses in two groups of women at a general clinical research center in a tertiary academic medical center.Patients:
Women with PCOS, 18-35 yr (n = 19), and normal ovulatory controls, 18-35 yr (n = 7), were recruited for study.Interventions:
Serum samples were measured over a 24-h period after an iv injection of recombinant human FSH, 150 IU.Main Outcome Measures:
Serum E2, inhibin A, and inhibin B responses after FSH administration were assessed.Results:
In PCOS women, the 24-h production of inhibin B and E2 after FSH was significantly greater than that of normal controls. Within the PCOS group, the fold change in inhibin B was significantly greater than that of E2. Inhibin A responses between groups were similar and of markedly lower magnitude.Conclusions:
FSH-stimulated inhibin B responses may be employed to assess the functional capacity of granulosa cells in PCOS and normal women.