Comparison of Follicle-Stimulating-Hormone-Stimulated Dimeric Inhibin and Estradiol Responses as Indicators of Granulosa Cell Function in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome and Normal Women

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Abstract

Context:

Follicular phase secretion of inhibin B, like that of estradiol (E2), correlates with the quantity and quality of developing follicles. However, it has not been established whether inhibin B responses to gonadotropin stimulation parallel those of E2 as a reflection of granulosa cell functional capacity.

Objective:

Our objective was to determine whether inhibin B responses to FSH stimulation are similar to those of E2 in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and normal women.

Design and Setting:

We conducted a prospective study to compare ovarian responses in two groups of women at a general clinical research center in a tertiary academic medical center.

Patients:

Women with PCOS, 18-35 yr (n = 19), and normal ovulatory controls, 18-35 yr (n = 7), were recruited for study.

Interventions:

Serum samples were measured over a 24-h period after an iv injection of recombinant human FSH, 150 IU.

Main Outcome Measures:

Serum E2, inhibin A, and inhibin B responses after FSH administration were assessed.

Results:

In PCOS women, the 24-h production of inhibin B and E2 after FSH was significantly greater than that of normal controls. Within the PCOS group, the fold change in inhibin B was significantly greater than that of E2. Inhibin A responses between groups were similar and of markedly lower magnitude.

Conclusions:

FSH-stimulated inhibin B responses may be employed to assess the functional capacity of granulosa cells in PCOS and normal women.

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