Effects of Recombinant Human Growth Hormone for 1 Year on Body Composition and Muscle Strength in Children on Long-Term Steroid Therapy: Randomized Controlled, Delayed-Start Study

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Abstract

Context:

Recombinant human GH (rhGH) improves growth and body composition in glucocorticoid-treated children. Its effects on muscle strength are poorly evaluated.

Objectives:

Our objective was to evaluate rhGH effects on muscle strength in children receiving long-term glucocorticoid therapy; effects on height SD score (SDS) and body composition were assessed also.

Design and Setting:

A randomized, controlled, delayed-start study of rhGH for 12 months was started after randomization (baseline) or 6 months later (M6).

Patients:

Patients included 30 children with various diagnoses.

Intervention:

rhGH was administered at 0.065 mg/kg/d for 6 months and then in the dosage maintaining serum IGF-I levels below +2 SDS for chronological age.

Main Outcome Measures:

The primary criterion was the between-group difference in composite index of muscle strength (CIMS) change at M6. Secondary criteria included between-group differences in CIMS SDSheight, lean mass (LM), thigh muscle area (MA), and height SDS changes at M6; these parameters were also assessed in the overall population after 1 year of rhGH therapy.

Results:

At M6, rhGH therapy did not significantly affect changes in CIMS or CIMS SDSheight (+17.6% vs +7.5% and +0.14 ± 0.38 vs +0.11 ± 0.62, respectively); the rhGH-treated group had significantly larger changes in height SDS (+0.2 [0.3] vs −0.2 [0.3]; P = 0.003), LM (+7.3% [+3.7%; +21.6%] vs 0% [−4.7%; +3.2%]; P = 0.002), and MA (+8.8% [+5%; +15.6%] vs. −0.6% [−6.3%; +7.7%]; P = 0.01) compared with the untreated group. After 1 year of rhGH, height SDS, LM, and MA increased significantly, CIMS increased by 24.7% (+5.8%; +34.2%), and CIMS SDSheight remained within the normal range.

Conclusions:

rhGH increased height, LM, and MA. However, muscle strength did not improve significantly.

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