The Effect of Midday Moderate-Intensity Exercise on Postexercise Hypoglycemia Risk in Individuals With Type 1 Diabetes

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Exercise increases the risk of hypoglycemia in type 1 diabetes.


Recently we reported a biphasic increase in glucose requirements to maintain euglycemia after late-afternoon exercise, suggesting a unique pattern of delayed risk for nocturnal hypoglycemia. This study examined whether this pattern of glucose requirements occurs if exercise is performed earlier in the day.

Design, Participants, and Intervention:

Ten adolescents with type 1 diabetes underwent a hyperinsulinemic euglycemic glucose clamp on 2 different occasions during which they either rested or performed 45 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise at midday. Glucose was infused to maintain euglycemia for 17 hours after exercise.

Main Outcome Measures:

The glucose infusion rate (GIR) to maintain euglycemia, glucose rates of appearance and disappearance, and levels of counterregulatory hormones were compared between conditions.


GIRs to maintain euglycemia were not significantly different between groups at baseline (9.8 ± 1.4 and 9.5 ± 1.6 g/h before the exercise and rest conditions, respectively) and did not change in the rest condition throughout the study. In contrast, GIR increased more than 3-fold during exercise (from 9.8 ± 1.4 to 30.6 ± 4.7 g/h), fell within the first hour of recovery, but remained elevated until 11 hours after exercise before returning to baseline levels.


The pattern of glucose requirements to maintain euglycemia in response to moderate-intensity exercise performed at midday suggests that the risk of exercise-mediated hypoglycemia increases during and for several hours after moderate-intensity exercise, with no evidence of a biphasic pattern of postexercise risk of hypoglycemia.

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