Low Frequency of Cardiomyopathy Using Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging in an Acromegaly Contemporary Cohort

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Abstract

Context:

Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and myocardial fibrosis are considered common findings of the acromegaly cardiomyopathy in echocardiography studies.

Objective:

To evaluate the frequency of LVH, systolic dysfunction and myocardial fibrosis was undertaken in patients with acromegaly using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMRi) before and after 12 months of octreotide long-acting repeatable treatment.

Patients and Methods:

Consecutive patients with active acromegaly submitted to biochemical analysis and CMRi before and after 12 months of treatment. Additionally, echocardiography was performed before treatment.

Results:

Forty consecutive patients were evaluated using CMRi at baseline and 30 patients were reevaluated after 12 months of treatment. Additionally, 29 of these patients were submitted to echocardiography. Using CMRi, the frequency of LVH was 5%. The mean left ventricular mass index (LVMi) was 61.73 ± 18.8 g/m2. The mean left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was 61.85 ± 9.2%, and all patients had normal systolic function. Late gadolinium enhancement was present in five patients (13.5%), and one patient (3.5%) had an increased extracellular volume. After treatment, 12 patients (40%) had criteria for disease control. No clinically relevant differences in cardiac variables before and after treatment were observed. Additionally, there was no difference in LVMi and LVEF among patients with and without disease control. Using echocardiography, 31% of the patients had LVH, mean LVMi was 117.8 ± 46.3 g/m2 and mean LVEF was 67.3 ± 4.4%. All patients had normal systolic function.

Conclusions:

We demonstrated by CMRi, the gold-standard method, that patients with active acromegaly might have a lower prevalence of cardiac abnormalities than previously reported.

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