Eosinophilic Gastroenteritis of the Pancreas: An Unusual Cause of Obstructive Jaundice

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Abstract

Eosinophilic gastroenteritis (EG) is a rare gastrointestinal disorder of undetermined etiology and is manifest by eosinophilic infiltration of any area of gastrointestinal tract, most frequently stomach and small intestine. Peripheral eosinophilia is present in about 80% of patients. Definitive diagnosis requires histologic evidence of eosinophilic infiltration; which is usually patchy in distribution. Steroids are the mainstay of treatment. We present a case of 47-year-old man with abdominal pain, jaundice, and marked eosinophilia. Endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatogram revealed a dilated common bile duct. There was biopsy proven eosinophilic infiltration in stomach, duodenum, gall bladder, and pancreas. Obstructive jaundice is an extremely rare manifestation of EG. This unusual case illustrates the wide variety of gastrointestinal manifestations caused by EG and emphasizes the importance of clinical suspicion and endoscopic mucosal biopsies in diagnosis of EG. This entity should be considered in the patients with chronic and relapsing gastrointestinal symptoms.

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