Early Enteral Nutrition Prevent Acute Pancreatitis From Deteriorating in Obese Patients

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Abstract

Goals:

The aim of this study was to determine a potential strategy to prevent acute pancreatitis (AP) from deteriorating in obese patients.

Background:

Nutritional support plays a critical role in the treatment of AP. Early enteral nutrition (EEN) is considered to be able to protect mucosa of AP patients and alleviate inflammatory reactions. Obesity worsen AP prognosis. However, little is known about the effects of EEN in obese patients.

Study:

Prospective randomized control trial. Subjects with moderately severe AP or severe AP were divided into the visceral fat obesity (VFO) group and the non-VFO group by obesity index VFO. The patients received “delayed” enteral nutrition (started enteral nutrition feeding after the first 48 hours after admission to the hospital: group A: patients of non-VFO, n=108; group B: VFO patients, n=88) or EEN (in the VFO subgroup, group C: n=91).Occurrence of complication, clinical outcomes, plasma levels of cytokines, and intestine gut barrier index were measured at different timepoints after admission.

Results:

VFO was a risk factor for aggravating of AP. EEN prevented the VFO patients from developing pancreatic necrotic infection, the mechanism of which might be related with inhibiting excessive inflammatory reactions, adjusting the imbalance of inflammatory response, and alleviating ischemia of intestine mucosa.

Conclusions:

The potential strategy, EEN, was able to prevent AP from deteriorating in obese patients.

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