Successful Cholecystectomy After Endoscopic Ultrasound Gallbladder Drainage Compared With Percutaneous Cholecystostomy, Can it Be Done?

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Abstract

Background:

Endoscopic ultrasound–guided gallbladder drainage (EGBD) with a lumen apposing metal stent is becoming a widely accepted alternative to percutaneous gallbladder drainage (PTGD) for patients who are not candidates for cholecystectomy (CCY). In some patients, medical comorbidites can improve, allowing them to undergo CCY. We compare feasibility and outcomes of interval CCY after EGBD versus PTGD.

Methods:

We conducted a multicentered international cohort study of patients who underwent EGBD or PTGD and then underwent interval CCY. Baseline patient demographics, procedural details, and follow-up data were recorded and compared.

Results:

In total, 34 patients were included. Thirteen patients underwent EGBD followed by CCY (mean age, 53.77±17.27, 46.15% male), and 21 patients underwent PTGD followed by CCY (mean age, 62.14±13.06, 61.9% male). There was no statistically significant difference in mean Charlson Comorbidity Index (P=0.12) or etiology of cholecystitis (P=0.85) between the 2 groups. All patients had a technically successful CCY. There was no difference between rates of open versus laparoscopic CCY (P=1). In addition, there was no difference in postsurgical adverse events (P=0.23).

Conclusions:

Surgical CCY after EGBD with lumen apposing metal stent is safe and feasible for the management of cholecystitis. If patient’s underlying medical conditions improve, previous EUS-GLB drainage should not preclude patients from undergoing CCY as part of standard of care.

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