Involvement of Beta: Induction of Human Monocyte Chemotaxis and Macrophage Secretion of Tumor Necrosis Factor-Alpha and Interleukin-12-Microglobulin: Induction of Human Monocyte Chemotaxis and Macrophage Secretion of Tumor Necrosis Factor-Alpha and Interleukin-1 Modified with Advanced Glycation End Products in the Pathogenesis of Hemodialysis-associated Amyloidosis: Induction of Human Monocyte Chemotaxis and Macrophage Secretion of Tumor Necrosis Factor-Alpha and Interleukin-1

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Abstract

beta2-Microglobulin (beta2 M) is a major constituent of amyloid fibrils in hemodialysis-associated amyloidosis (HAA), a complication of long-term hemodialysis. However, the pathological role of beta2 M in HAA remains to be determined. Recently, we demonstrated that beta2 M in the amyloid deposits of HAA is modified with advanced glycation end products (AGEs) of the Maillard reaction. Since AGEs have been implicated in tissue damage associated with diabetic complications and aging, we investigated the possible involvement of AGE-modified beta2 M (AGE-beta2 M) in the pathogenesis of HAA. AGE- and normal-beta2 M were purified from urine of long-term hemodialysis patients. AGE-beta2 M enhanced directed migration (chemotaxis) and random cell migration (chemokinesis) of human monocytes in a dose-dependent manner. However, normal-beta2 M did not enhance any migratory activity. AGE-beta2 M, but not normal-beta2 M, increased the secretion of TNF-alpha and IL-1beta from macrophages. Similar effects were also induced by in vitro prepared AGE-beta2 M (normal-beta2 M incubated with glucose in vitro for 30 d). When TNF-alpha or IL-1beta was added to cultured human synovial cells in an amount equivalent to that secreted from macrophages in the presence of AGE-beta2 M, a significant increase in the synthesis of collagenase and morphological changes in cell shape were observed. These findings suggested that AGE-beta2 M, a major component in amyloid deposits, participates in the pathogenesis of HAA as foci where monocyte/macrophage accumulate and initiate an inflammatory response that leads to bone/joint destruction. (J. Clin. Invest. 1994. 93:521-528.) Key words: long-term hemodialysis patient. monocyte/macrophage. cytokines. human synovial cell. collagenase

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