Endothelin (ET)-3 Stimulates Cyclic Guanosine 3',5'-Monophosphate Production via ETB Receptor by Producing Nitric Oxide in Isolated Rat Glomerulus, and in Cultured Rat Mesangial Cells

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We investigated the effects of endothelins on receptor-mediated cyclic nucleotide metabolism in rat glomerulus, inner medullary collecting duct (IMCD), and also in cultured rat glomerular mesangial cells. Endothelin (ET)-3 dose-dependently stimulated cGMP accumulation in glomerulus, which was higher than that of ET-1 or ET-2. ETB receptor agonist IRL 1620 produced cGMP in a dose-dependent manner, mimicking the effect of ET-3. ET (A) receptor antagonist BQ123-Na did not inhibit ET-3- or IRL 1620-stimulated cGMP generation. NG-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA) significantly inhibited ET-3- or IRL 1620-induced cGMP production, suggesting that ET-3- or IRL 1620-stimulated cGMP generation was mediated through nitric oxide (NO). Intracellular Ca chelator BAPTA/AM and calmodulin antagonist W-7, but not Ca channel blocker nicardipine, significantly inhibited ET-3- or IRL 1620-induced cGMP generation. In cultured rat mesangial cells, ET-3 stimulated cGMP generation through NO in the presence of fetal calf serum, which was not inhibited by addition of BQ123-Na. In IMCD, ET-3 had no stimulative effect on cGMP generation. We conclude that ET-3 stimulates NO-induced cGMP generation through ETB receptor in glomerulus. This effect seems to be mediated through intracellular Ca/calmodulin, but not through Ca influx via L-type Ca channel. Mesangial cells can be a source of NO coupled to ETB receptor activation in glomerulus. From these results, mesangial ETB receptor may work to counteract the vasoconstrictive effect of endothelin caused via ETA receptor in glomerulus. (J. Clin. Invest. 1994. 93:556-563.) Key words: microdissection. inner medullary collecting duct. endothelin receptor. Ca/calmodulin. protein kinase C

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