Measurement of Serum Total Vitamin D (25-OH) Using Automated Immunoassay in Comparision With Liquid Chromatography Tandem-Mass Spectrometry

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Abstract

Background

The associations of vitamin D deficiency with many nonskeletal diseases are still being discovered. We evaluated the use of an automated immunoassay to measure serum total vitamin D (25-OH) and assessed vitamin D status in a Korean adult population.

Methods

We compared the Elecsys Vitamin D (25-OH) Total Assay (Roche Diagnostics) with liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) using 300 serum samples. Total imprecision was calculated using three levels of quality control materials and serum samples. We also investigated the vitamin D status using data for 70,762 cases who had a routine health check-up in our hospitals.

Results

The regression equation: Elecsys = 0.882 × LC-MS/MS + 6.814 (r = 0.926). Total imprecision was within 10% for all quality control materials and serum samples. The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency using cut-off values of <50 nmol/l (<20 ng/ml) were 70.3% in males and 86.4% in females, respectively. The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency was higher in younger subjects than in older subjects (P for linear-by-linear association was <0.001). Serum vitamin D levels were highest in September and lowest in February.

Conclusion

The Elecsys Vitamin D (25-OH) Total Assay was comparable to LC-MS/MS and appropriate for routine clinical use. Vitamin D deficiency is common in Korean adults.

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