MicroRNA-27a (miR-27a) is supposed to be an oncogene in various types of cancers, and genetic variation of miR-27a might result in aberrant expression and abnormal second structure of mature-miR-27a, contributing to elevated genetic risk and poor prognosis for colorectal cancer (CRC).Methods:
In order to explore the possible association between rs895819 within miR-27a and CRC in Han Chinese population, we investigated the genotype distributions of rs895819 in 508 CRC cases and 562 healthy check-up controls using TaqMan genotype discrimination system, and analyzed the possible association between them. Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidential interval (95% CI) were used to assess the strength between allele and genotype of the locus and risk of CRC.Results:
In our study, we found that genotype GG of rs895819 was significantly associated with an increased risk for CRC (17.1% vs. 11.6%, adjusted OR = 1.546, 95% CI = 1.070–2.236), and allele A carrier (AA/AG) was significantly associated with a decreased risk for CRC (82.9% vs. 89.4%, adjusted OR = 0.63, 95% CI = 0.446–0.893). In addition, a significant association was observed between genotype GG and larger tumor size (>5 cm; P < 0.001), and allele G was significantly associated with higher pathological stage (TNM-III) (P = 0.008).Conclusion:
These results indicated that miR-27a might be involved in the development and progression of CRC, genotype GG within rs895819 might be a genetic susceptible factor for CRC. Further multicentral, large sample size, and well-designed epidemiological study as well as functional study are warrant to verify our findings.