This study used magnetoencephalography (MEG) dipole localization and coherence measurement to evaluate the magnetic fields associated with periodic discharges. The primary goal of the study was to evaluate whether MEG could consistently localize quasiperiodic discharges that were observed on the EEG portion of the recording. The secondary objective was to evaluate whether coherence measurements would correlate with topographic maxima of epileptiform activity.Methods:
A total of 13 inpatients, whose electrographic records demonstrated lateralized periodic discharges (LPDs), were recruited from Henry Ford Hospital neurology and intensive care units. Nine patients were found clinically to be in status epilepticus before the EEG determination of LPDs. Spontaneous cortical brain activity was recorded with 148-channel MEG for 10 minutes. Data were sampled at 508 Hz and DC-100 Hz and filtered from 1 Hz to 40 Hz. Interictal events were imaged with single equivalent current dipole localization. Magnetoencephalography coherence source imaging analysis was performed and compared with the cortical topography of LPD patterns and with the focal lesions seen on the MRI (9 patients) or computed tomography (5 patients) imaging modalities.Results:
The morphology of periodic waveforms was similar between EEG and MEG portions of the study. In patients with substrate positivity on imaging studies, coherence analysis revealed a tendency for LPDs to arise from the interface between the lesion and the surrounding, uncompromised cortex rather than from the lesion itself. In nonlesional patients with recent status epilepticus, the localization of maximal coherence was in the temporal lobes.Conclusions:
This study demonstrated that MEG is able to detect and localize LPDs arising from damaged and adjacent cortex. The MEG coherence source imaging measurements also suggest the presence of epileptogenic networks perilesionally in cases with focal lesions on imaging. In patients without acute anatomic abnormality, the MEG coherence identified the epileptogenic networks in temporal lobe structures. Magnetoencephalography coherence source imaging may provide physicians with markers for differentiating between LPDs arising from acute injury currents versus LPDs arising from prolonged status epilepticus.