Capecitabine Plus Paclitaxel As Front-Line Combination Therapy for Metastatic Breast Cancer: A Multicenter Phase II Study

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Abstract

Purpose

The goal of this multicenter, open-label phase II study was the clinical evaluation of combination therapy with the oral fluoropyrimidine capecitabine and the taxane paclitaxel in patients with metastatic breast cancer (MBC).

Patients and Methods

Forty-seven patients with MBC received oral capecitabine at 1,650 mg/m2/d (825 mg/m2 twice daily) on days 1 through 14, and intravenous infusion of paclitaxel at 175 mg/m2 on day 1 of each 21-day treatment cycle. Treatment continued until disease progression, intolerable toxicity, or patient's decision to discontinue. Patients (35 to 76 years old) had a median Karnofsky performance status of 90%. Forty-four patients (94%) received study treatment as first-line therapy for metastatic disease.

Results

Objective responses occurred in 24 (51%) patients; seven (15%) complete responses and 17 (36%) partial responses. Stable disease lasting 180 days or more was observed in nine (19%); the clinical response rate was 70%. Median duration of response was 12.6 months, median time to disease progression was 10.6 months, and median overall survival time was 29.9 months. The most common treatment-related adverse events, regardless of severity, were alopecia, hand-foot syndrome, nausea, and fatigue. Neutropenia (15%), alopecia (13%), and hand-foot syndrome (11%) were the only grade 3 or 4 treatment-related adverse events that occurred in more than 10% of patients.

Conclusion

The combination of capecitabine plus paclitaxel is a highly active and generally well-tolerated regimen for first-line treatment of MBC.

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