Nonmyeloablative Allogeneic Hematopoietic Transplantation: A Promising Salvage Therapy for Patients With Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Whose Disease Has Failed a Prior Autologous Transplantation

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Abstract

Purpose

Allogeneic transplantation for patients with lymphoma who experience a recurrence after an autologous transplantation has been considered a hazardous therapeutic choice. We investigated the safety and efficacy of nonmyeloablative stem-cell transplantation in these patients.

Patients and Methods

Patients were required to have chemosensitive or stable disease. Twenty consecutive patients were treated in two sequential trials. Fifteen patients underwent a preparative regimen of fludarabine (30 mg/m2 daily for 3 days), intravenous cyclophosphamide (750 mg/m2 daily for 3 days), and rituximab. For the remaining five patients, the conditioning regimen consisted of cisplatin (25 mg/m2 continuous infusion daily for 4 days), fludarabine (30 mg/m2 daily for 2 days), and cytarabine (1,000 mg/m2 daily for 2 days). Tacrolimus and methotrexate were used for graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis.

Results

All patients experienced engraftment of donor cells. One patient (5%) experienced grade 2 acute graft-versus-host disease, and no patients experienced a higher grade. One patient experienced disease progression at 115 days post-transplantation and responded to donor lymphocyte infusion. The remaining patients remained disease-free. One patient died at 10.5 months from a fungal infection. With a median follow-up time of 25 months, the estimated 3-year current progression-free survival rate was 95%.

Conclusion

These data suggest that nonmyeloablative allogeneic stem-cell transplantation is an effective option in lymphoma patients with chemosensitive or stable disease who experience disease recurrence following autologous transplantation.

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