XPD and XRCC1 Genetic Polymorphisms Are Prognostic Factors in Advanced Non–Small-Cell Lung Cancer Patients Treated With Platinum Chemotherapy

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Abstract

Purpose

Platinum agents cause DNA cross-linking and oxidative damage. Genetic polymorphisms of DNA repair genes are associated with differential DNA repair activity and may explain interindividual differences in overall survival after therapy with platinum agents for non–small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Methods

We used polymerase chain reaction–restriction fragment length polymorphism to evaluate genetic polymorphisms of the XPD (Asp312Asn) and XRCC1 (Arg399Gln) DNA repair genes in 103 patients with stage III (54%) and IV (46%) NSCLC treated with platinum-based chemotherapy.

Results

Median age was 58 years (range, 32 to 77 years), 49% were females, and there were 86 deaths. Median follow-up period was 61.9 months. Median survival time (MST) was 14.9 months; by stage, MST was 28.6 months (IIIA), 16.0 months (IIIB), and 9.3 months (IV). Genotypes were not associated with stage. Increasing numbers of either XPD or XRCC1 variant alleles were associated with shorter overall survival (P = .003 and P = .07, respectively, by log-rank test). Similarly, when we compared combinations of variant alleles across both polymorphisms, we found that a greater number of variant alleles was associated with decreasing overall survival (P = .009, log-rank test). These polymorphisms independently predicted overall survival even after taking into account stage, performance status, and chemotherapy regimen.

Conclusion

Genetic polymorphisms in XPD and XRCC1 may be important prognostic factors in platinum-treated patients with advanced NSCLC.

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