A Phase I/II Evaluation of Oral L-2-Oxothiazolidine-4-Carboxylic Acid in Asymptomatic Patients Infected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus

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A randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled study was conducted in 37 asymptomatic HIV-infected individuals (mean CD4 count 707 cells/mm3) to characterize the safety, pharmacokinetics, and effect on blood thiols of three dosage levels of a cysteine prodrug, L-2-oxothiazolidine-4-carboxylic acid (OTC; Procysteine; Clintec Technologies, Deerfield, IL). Single-dose administration of OTC resulted in measurable plasma levels at all dosages, with a mean peak plasma concentration of 734 ± 234 nmol/mL at the highest dosage studied. After 4 weeks of administration three times daily, a statistically significant increase was seen in whole blood glutathione in the 1,500 mg and 3,000 mg dose groups compared with the placebo group. A significant increase in whole blood cysteine and peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) glutathione was not seen during the study period.

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