Raltegravir Thorough QT/QTc Study: A Single Supratherapeutic Dose of Raltegravir Does Not Prolong the QTcF Interval

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Abstract

Raltegravir is a novel HIV-1 integrase inhibitor with potent in vitro activity (IC95 = 31 nM in 50% human serum). A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-dummy, 3-period, single-dose crossover study was conducted; subjects received single oral doses of 1600 mg raltegravir, 400 mg moxifloxacin, and placebo. The upper limit of the 2-sided 90% confidence interval for the QTcF interval placebo-adjusted mean change from baseline of raltegravir was less than 10 ms at every time point. For the raltegravir and placebo groups, there were no QTcF values >450 ms or change from baseline values >30 ms. A mean Cmax of ∼20 μM raltegravir was attained, ∼4-fold higher than the Cmax at the clinical dose. Moxifloxacin demonstrated an increase in QTcF at the 2-, 3-, and 4-hour time points. Administration of a single supratherapeutic dose of raltegravir does not prolong the QTcF interval. A single supratherapeutic dose design may be appropriate for crossover thorough QTc studies.

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