Population Pharmacokinetic and Pharmacodynamic Modeling of Pegvisomant in Asian and Western Acromegaly Patients

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Pegvisomant is a growth hormone (GH) receptor antagonist that normalizes insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) levels in patients with acromegaly. Although the dose of pegvisomant is determined by the IGF-I level, the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) model for pegvisomant concentration and IGF-I reduction has not been established. This study was conducted to characterize PK/PD of pegvisomant, and to determine the influence of covariates on the pegvisomant PK/PD.

Based on the data from 5 phase III studies in 168 acromegaly patients, models were developed to characterize the PK/PD of pegvisomant. The PD variables were IGF-I serum concentrations. The modeling was performed with a nonlinear mixed-effects approach using NONMEM. After subcutaneous dosing, the PK of pegvisomant was described by a steady state PK model with dose-dependent clearance. Baseline GH and age were significant covariates for the clearance. A sigmoid Emax model adequately described the relationship between IGF-I and pegvisomant concentrations. Baseline GH was found to be a significant covariate for the baseline effect (E0) and IC50. The PK/PD properties of pegvisomant were not significantly different between Asian and Western patients.

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