The population pharmacokinetics (PK) of belimumab were characterized in 1,603 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus receiving belimumab 1, 4, 10, or 20 mg/kg doses in Phase 1–3 trials. Belimumab PK were well described with a linear two-compartment model, with clearance from the central compartment (CL). Belimumab exposure was approximately dose-proportional. The estimated population terminal half-life was 19.4 days and steady-state volume of distribution (Vss) was 5.29 L for the currently approved 10 mg/kg dose used in the Phase 3 trials, with an estimated CL of 215 mL/day. No effects of age, sex, race, disease activity, co-medications, or baseline characteristics on belimumab PK were found to alter exposure in a manner requiring dose adjustment. An association observed between increasing baseline proteinuria and increasing CL may be clinically relevant in nephropathy with very high proteinuria levels. No evidence of target-mediated clearance was observed. Clinically relevant effects of body size (increased CL and V1 with increased body weight, and reduced V1 with increased body mass index) have been accounted for in current weight-normalized belimumab dosing.