Photoprotection Knowledge and Behaviours Among Organ Transplant Recipients

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Abstract

Background:

Organ transplant recipients (OTRs) are at an increased risk of developing a de novo malignant neoplasm compared to the general population. The primary contributor to skin cancer in all patients is sun exposure.

Objective:

In this study, we aim to ascertain both OTR skin cancer awareness and photoprotection practices.

Methods:

A questionnaire-based study of Saskatchewan transplant recipients.

Results:

Nearly all respondents were aware that sun exposure is the best-known cause of skin cancer and that as an OTR, they are at increased risk of skin cancer (99.3% and 90.5%, respectively). Approximately half of respondents reported wearing a hat regularly, sun avoidance between 10 AM and 3 PM, or wearing sunscreen regularly (53.7%, 33.1%, and 47.9%, respectively).

Conclusion:

Many OTRs are not engaging in photoprotection. Further intervention, which may include access to a dermatologist, is necessary to ensure ORTs do not experience undue morbidity and mortality secondary to skin cancer.

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