Reliability and validity of the AutoCAD software method in lumbar lordosis measurement

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This article has been retracted: please see Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal(

This article has been retracted at the request of the Editor-in-Chief and Author.

The authors have plagiarized part of a paper that had already appeared in Annals of Biological Research, 3(2012) 204–213. One of the conditions of submission of a paper for publication is that authors declare explicitly that their work is original and has not appeared in a publication elsewhere. Re-use of any data should be appropriately cited. As such this article represents a severe abuse of the scientific publishing system. The scientific community takes a very strong view on this matter and apologies are offered to readers of the journal that this was not detected during the submission process.

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