Facial and Trigeminal Neuropathies as the Initial Manifestation of Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyradiculopathy

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Abstract

Objective:

To report the clinical and electrophysiological features of a patient who presented with facial weakness and numbness as the initial manifestation of Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculopathy (CIDP).

Case Report:

An 83-year-old woman presented with facial numbness and weakness. Examination demonstrated mild facial weakness with no other cranial abnormalities. Blink and jaw-jerk reflex latencies were prolonged bilaterally; myokymic discharges were seen in the right frontalis. Cerebrospinal fluid demonstrated an elevated protein. After 3 weeks of intravenous immunoglobulin treatment, the symptoms and electrophysiological findings improved but the symptoms recurred and became more generalized after cessation of intravenous immunoglobulin.

Conclusions:

This case represents a patient with an unusual initial presentation of cranial nerve involvement in CIDP. Blink reflexes may be a useful electrophysiological technique to assess for peripheral nerve demyelination in patients with suspected CIDP.

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