Neuromuscular Manifestations of HIV/AIDS

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The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic, now entering its fourth decade, affects approximately 33 million people living in both developed and resource-limited countries. Neurological complications of the peripheral nervous system are common in HIV-infected patients, and neuromuscular pathology is associated with significant morbidity. Peripheral neuropathy is the most common neuromuscular manifestation observed in HIV/AIDS, and in the antiretroviral era, its prevalence has increased. The purpose of this review was to describe the clinical spectrum of neuromuscular disorders in the setting of HIV infection and to provide an approach to diagnosis and management.

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