To study the cognitive profile and scholastic performance of children with parenchymal neurocysticercosis. A total of 500 children with a diagnosis of neurocysticercosis and epilepsy registered in our pediatric neurocysticercosis clinic between January 1996 and December 2002 were enrolled. Patients were evaluated for their scholastic performance using their school grades. Cognitive assessment was done using Parental interview and the “Draw-a-Man” test. Poor scholastic performance was seen in 22.2% (111) children. Draw-a-Man test was done in 148 children; 18.2% (27/148) had scores equivalent to IQ <70. Intermittent headache, behavior problems, and poor memory were reported in 40% (201) children. Multiple lesions, lower socioeconomic status, and calcified lesions on follow-up were associated with academic underachievement (P < .05). About a fourth of children with neurocysticercosis had cognitive impairment during follow-up. This was mostly seen in children from lower socioeconomic status and in those with multiple-lesion neurocysticercosis.