Onabotulinumtoxin A (BOTOX®) for ProphylaCTIC Treatment of Pediatric Migraine: A Retrospective Longitudinal Analysis

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Abstract

Background:

The use of onabotulinumtoxin A in the pediatric population has not been evaluated for chronic migraine in a longitudinal study. This retrospective study sought to determine the efficacy and safety of onabotulinumtoxin A in prophylactic treatment of chronic migraine in the pediatric population.

Methods:

The authors retrospectively evaluated pediatric patients who had been treated with onabotulinumtoxin A in the outpatient pain clinic for chronic migraine. Demographic data and pre- and posttreatment migraine days (frequency), pain scores (intensity), and duration of migraine episodes were collected from patient records.

Results:

Ten patients were included. Median pretreatment to posttreatment headache frequency was 15.5 [8, 29.5] to 4 [2, 10] days/month (P < .0001), durations were 8 [0, 24] to 1 [0, 7] hours (P = .025), and intensity was 6 [4, 8] to 4 [2, 5] (P = .0063). No serious adverse events were reported.

Conclusions:

This review over a 5-year longitudinal period demonstrates statistically significant improvement from baseline.

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