Early Amplitude-Integrated Electroencephalogram as a Predictor of Brain Injury in Newborns With Very Low Birth Weight: A Cohort Study

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Abstract

Purpose:

To evaluate the relationship between abnormal early amplitude integrated electroencephalography (EEG) and severe lesions in imaging tests performed during the neonatal period in very low birth weight infants.

Methods:

An amplitude-integrated EEG was performed in 70 patients with a mean birth weight of 1226 g during the first 48 hours of life. Severe lesions on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or ultrasonography (US) during the neonatal period were considered as adverse conditions. Variables were compared using the χ2 test or analysis of variance. Sensitivity, specificity, and positive likelihood ratio were calculated.

Results:

Adverse outcomes were observed in 6 patients. There was a significant relationship (P < .001) between abnormal amplitude-integrated EEG background and severe lesions on MRI and US. Sensitivity and specificity were 100% and 89%, respectively.

Conclusion:

Early amplitude-integrated EEG with moderate/severe abnormalities in the background is associated with severe structural lesions detected in imaging studies and should be considered as an auxiliary screening tool for the detection of neonatal brain lesions in very low birth weight infants.

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