The effects of different sets of disclosure instructions on subject productivity and rated satisfaction

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Abstract

Investigated the effects of 4 different sets of instructions (feeling disclosure, logical disclosure, placebo control, and control) to discuss personal concerns on S productivity and S satisfaction ratings to test the relative importance of rational problem solving vs emotional disclosure in counseling. 100 1st-yr college women were preselected and assigned to conditions on a block randomization basis by problem severity. ANOVAs on ratio scores of productivity measures indicated the instructional manipulation was effective in producing different kinds and amounts of talk by condition. Analyses of questionnaire (S satisfaction) items indicated significant condition effects were infrequent and found only on the follow-up questionnaire. These results are discussed in terms of the demand characteristics of the experimental setting. Results suggest that the theoretical argument regarding the overall superiority of an affective or rational approach to counseling is oversimplified. (21 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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