Differential effects of the two-chair experiment and empathic reflections at a conflict marker

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Abstract

The differential effects of a Gestalt counseling operation and empathic reflections of feeling on client depth of experiencing, change in awareness, and goal attainment were studied in a counseling analog. Using 4 counselors and 16 24-50 yr old Ss as their own controls, each of the operations was applied to each S to facilitate resolution of personally meaningful conflicts. Ss were administered the Personal Orientation Inventory, Focusing Questionnaire, Experiencing Scale, Goal Attainment Scale; a client report form was administered to each S after each experimental interview. Results show that depth of experiencing and change in awareness were significantly higher for the Ss after the Gestalt operation. There was no difference in the level of goal attainment following the 2 operations. The implications for counseling of the change in depth of experiencing and awareness for the Ss, characterized as focusers and normally self-actualized, are discussed. (28 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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