Client fear of negative evaluation and type of counselor response style

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Abstract

Despite frequent admonitions that counselors should use a reflective response style, research has shown no differences in the effectiveness or greater preference for a reflective over other response modes. As one explanation of these results, it was postulated that an interaction may occur between a client's level of social-evaluative anxiety and exposure to a particular counselor response style. Ss were 48 male and 48 female undergraduates who met selection criteria on the Fear of Negative Evaluation (FNE) Scale. It was predicted that high FNE Ss relative to low FNE Ss would show (a) greater comfort with counselor behaviors and (b) greater preference for both a friend and another counselor to respond like the taped counselor when exposed to a reflective rather than a confrontive response style. Results indicate few differences due to FNE status, type of response style, or sex, offering no support for the predicted interaction on any of the dependent measures. Groups' mean ratings indicated that, in general, Ss rated their degree of comfort as above average on most items regardless of anxiety level and type of counselor response. Findings on the preference measures replicate the outcomes of E. Venzor et al (see record 1977-10773-001) and extend them to additional variables examined in the study. Explanations for the absence of differences are explored. (28 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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