Comparison of Rogers, Perls, and Ellis on the Hill Counselor Verbal Response Category System

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Transcripts of the films of C. Rogers, F. Perls, and A. Ellis each doing counseling with the same client, Gloria, were analyzed according to the 14-category Hill Counselor Verbal Response Category System. Relatively high agreement levels were found between the 3 judges (2 graduate students and 1 psychology instructor) on the system. The system was able to describe the verbal behaviors of the 3 counselors and was able to detect behavioral differences reflective of their differing theoretical orientations. Rogers used mainly minimal encouragers, restatements, interpretations, reflections, and information. Perls used mostly direct guidance, information, interpretations, open questions, minimal encouragers, closed questions, confrontations, approval-reassurance, and nonverbal referents. Ellis was the most active of the 3 counselors, using mostly information, direct guidance, minimal encouragers, interpretations, closed questions, and restatements. (12 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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