The Impact Message Inventory: A new measure of relationship in counseling/psychotherapy and other dyads

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Abstract

The Impact Message Inventory assesses momentary emotional and other engagements of one person by another during ongoing dyad transactions. A 259-item form of the inventory was administered to 451 undergraduates of both sexes. 15 groups of approximately 30 Ss each recorded their impacts to 1 of 15 paragraph descriptions of stylistically “pure” interpersonal types adapted from M. Lorr and D. M. McNair's Interpersonal Behavior Inventory items. Item and factor-analytic procedures, cross-validated on split samples, yielded an 82-item revised inventory with highly reliable internal consistency. Results offer strong support for circumplex ordering of the inventory's 15 interpersonal subscales, whereas inconsistent support is found for the prediction that impact messages occupy a 2-factor space around the axes of status and affiliation. Applications of the inventory in counseling/psychotherapy research and practice are discussed. (12 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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