Validity and Construct Contamination of the Racial Identity Attitude Scale—Long Form

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The Racial Identity Attitude Scale—Long Form (RIAS–L; J.E. Helms & T.A., Parham, 1996) is likely to be the instrument of choice in future research on African American racial identity development, but little is known about its psychometric properties. RIAS–L data from 275 African American community members and students were collected, and a series of analyses (i.e., correlations, multiple regressions, and confirmatory modeling) was conducted to explore convergent and discriminant validity. Overall, results were mixed, generally revealing limited support for the RIAS–L's convergent and discriminant validity and highlighting concerns regarding the Preencounter and Encounter subscales.

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