Subsensitivity of Cardiac β-Adrenoceptors in Renal Hypertensive Rats

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Abstract

Summary:

β-Adrenoceptors were labeled with the selective β-antagonist (-)[3H]dihydroalprenolol ([3H]DHA). Cardiac membranes isolated from renal hypertensive rats had the same density of adrenoceptors as normotensive rats (28 fmoles/mg of protein in both groups) but showed a significant elevation of the dissociation constant for [3H]DHA (Kd = 1.86 nM versus 1.04 nM for controls), indicating a reduced affinity of cardiac adrenoceptors for the radioligand. The lowered sensitivity to catecholamine is probably due to chronic exposure of β-receptors to a high concentration of noradrenaline, whose turnover in cardiac nerves of renal hypertensive rats was significantly accelerated (turnover time 10.5 hr for hypertensive versus 17.2 hr for normotensive).

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