Bisoprolol and Atenolol in Essential Hypertension: Effects on Systemic and Renal Hemodynamics and on Ambulatory Blood Pressure

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The acute and short-term responses to bisoprolol and to atenolol on systemic and renal hemodynamics and on ambulatory blood pressure (BP) were compared in a randomized double-blind cross-over study including 14 patients with mild to moderate essential hypertension. After a 4-week placebo period, the patients received either bisoprolol (10 mg once daily, o.d.) or atenolol (100 mg o.d.) for 4 weeks and were switched to the other drug after a new 4-week placebo period. Cardiac output (CO) was measured by Doppler echography, and renal blood flow (RBF) and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) were measured by constant infusion techniques using [123I]iodohippurate and [5lCr]EDTA, respectively. Bisoprolol and atenolol decreased diurnal and nocturnal blood pressure (BP). Both drugs decreased heart rate (HR) and BP both acutely and after 4 weeks. During short-term treatment, CO was maintained with bisoprolol but reduced by atenolol (by 17%). RBF decreased after the first drug intake (by 9 and 12%, respectively) but returned to its baseline value after 4 weeks, so that calculated renal vascular resistance (RVR) was reduced (by 12 and 15%, respectively). Overall, GFR was not affected by treatment. Bisoprolol and atenolol are effective antihypertensive agents that preserve renal hemodynamics during short-term treatment

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