Trandolapril: Pharmacokinetics of Single Oral Doses in Healthy Male Volunteers

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The pharmacokinetics and dose proportionality of trandolapril, a new angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor, were investigated in 12 healthy male volunteers in a four-way randomized crossover study over the therapeutic dose range, 0.5–4 mg. Trandolapril is rapidly absorbed, with a single elimination half-life (t1/2) of 0.72 h. irrespective of dose. Peak plasma levels (Cmax) occurred at 0.5 h and were proportional to the dose, as was the area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC). Concentration of the active metabolite (trandolaprilat) increased with increasing doses but in a nonlinear fashion, probably owing to saturable plasma ACE binding. However, the Cmax and AUC values for trandolaprilat were directly proportional to the highest doses, 2 and 4 mg, suggesting linear kinetics for the trandolaprilat, which is not bound to ACE. Trandolapril showed linear kinetics but trandolaprilat showed some features of nonlinear kinetics, particularly at low doses.

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