Effect of Moxonidine on Arrhythmias Induced by Coronary Artery Occlusion and Reperfusion

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid



The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of moxonidine, a representative of I1-imidazoline-receptor agonists, on arrhythmias induced by myocardial ischemia or reperfusion. Acute myocardial infarction was produced by tightening a previously placed loose silk loop around the coronary artery in conscious rats. Moxonidine (0.01, 0.03, or 0.10 mg/kg i.v., 10 min before coronary ligation) significantly decreased the incidence of ventricular tachycardia during the first 15 min of infarction (70 versus 100% in controls), and the number of animals that survived without developing any arrhythmia was increased (15, 20, and 25%, respectively, versus 0%). Reperfusion-induced arrhythmias were produced by releasing a snare after 6 min of myocardial ischemia in anesthetized, artificially ventilated rats. Reperfusion rapidly induced severe dysrhythmias in all of the control animals. Moxonidine pretreatment (0.03 and 0.10 mg/kg) decreased the incidence of ventricular fibrillation (25 and 30% versus 64%) and increased the number of animals that survived without developing any arrhythmia (20 and 25% versus 0%). We conclude that moxonidine offers significant protection against the development of arrhythmias induced by acute regional myocardial ischemia in conscious rats. Moxonidine pretreatment also provides a beneficial effect during reperfusion-induced arrhythmias that appear after a brief period of myocardial ischemia.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles