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The antihypertensive activity and pharmacokinetics of KD3-671 (previously named KT3-671), a nonpeptide AT1-receptor antagonist, were investigated in renal hypertensive dogs with normal or high plasma renin activity (PRA). A single administration of KD3-671 at 3 and 10 mg/kg, p.o., to the hypertensive dogs with high PRA dose-dependently reduced mean blood pressure (MBP), which was not correlated with plasma KD3-671 concentration. Significant increases in PRA and plasma angiotensin (Ang) II occurred 2 h after KD3-671 dosing. Enalapril at 3 mg/kg, p.o., also reduced MBP. Neither KD3-671 nor enalapril affected heart rate. When given orally once a day for 29 days to the hypertensive dogs with normal PRA, KD3-671 at 3 and 10 mg/kg/day dose-dependently reduced MBP, which was smaller than that in the dogs with high PRA. This was the case for enalapril. The hypotension induced by the first dose of KD3-671 or enalapril was consistently observed after doses 8, 15, 22, and 29. After cessation of repeated dosing, no rebound phenomenon in MBP was observed. Pharmacokinetic parameters of KD3-671 were not influenced by repeated dosing. KD3-671 markedly increased both PRA and plasma Ang II concentration at 2 h after dosing. These results suggest that KD3-671 may be useful for the treatment of hypertension.