Formulation Dependent Pharmacokinetics—Does the Dosage Form Matter for Nifedipine?

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This was an open-label, randomized, 3-way crossover study that compared in 25 healthy male subjects, the pharmacokinetics of a single 60-mg dose of nifedipine GITS tablet versus (1) 20-mg doses of nifedipine prolonged action tablets given q12h for a total of two doses and (2) 2 × 10 mg doses of nifedipine capsules given q8h for a total of three doses. Following capsule administration, there was a rapid rise in plasma concentration of drug achieving a peak concentration of 196(35) ng/mL (mean and coefficient of variation) within 0.7 (105) hours and an AUC∞ of 973(39) After nifedipine PA there was also a rapid rise in plasma concentration of drug achieving a Cmax of 85.5 (36) ng/mL with a tmax of 1.7(58) hours and an AUC∞ of 879(46) For the nifedipine GITS formulation, there was a lag in the plasma concentration time profile for approximately 2 to 3 hours, then it rose gradually achieving a Cmax of of 686(54) 30.5(63)ng/mL with a tmax of 15.0(50) hours and an AUC∞ The AUC∞ and Cmax were significantly (P = 0.0001) greater in the capsule and PA formulations than for the GITS; however, the tmax for the GITS formulation was significantly (P = 0.001) longer than for the other formulations.

This study suggests marked formulation-dependent pharmacokinetics, which may have important clinical implications.

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