Assessment Methods for Aspirin-mediated Platelet Antiaggregation in Type 2 Diabetic Patients: Degree of Correlation Between 2 Point-of-care Methods

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Abstract

Aims:

Impaired response to antiplatelet therapy in diabetic patients results in a higher incidence of drug-eluting stent thrombosis. This study determined the prevalence of high on-aspirin (AS) platelet reactivity in type 2 diabetic patients treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using the VerifyNow Aspirin Assay (VN) and platelet function analyzer PFA-100 (PFA-100) and analyzed the correlation between both methods.

Methods:

Type 2 diabetic patients (100) with non–ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome who underwent PCI and Xience V drug-eluting stent implantation were included in this study. After PCI, platelet antiaggregation mediated by acetylsalicylic acid was assessed by VN and PFA-100. The degree of correlation and concordance was then determined.

Results:

When assayed with VN, 7% of the patients were nonresponders to aspirin (aspirin reaction units >550), and when assayed with PFA-10, 41% were nonresponders (closure time <193 seconds). Of the patients, 4% were nonresponders to aspirin according to VN but were sensitive to aspirin according to PFA-100, and 38% were sensitive to aspirin according to VN and nonresponders according to PFA-100. Overall, 55% of the patients were aspirin-sensitive in both methods. The Spearman's coefficient between VN and PFA-100 results was r2 = 0.09 (P = 0.35). The kappa index value was 0.0062 (P = 0.91).

Conclusions:

There is no concordance or correlation between the VN and PFA-100 results. Therefore, the use of these analyses should be restricted to clinical research, which limits its application in clinical practice.

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