STAT3 Suppression Is Involved in the Protective Effect of SIRT6 Against Cardiomyocyte Hypertrophy

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The activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is critical for the development of cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure. Sirtuin 6 (SIRT6) protects cardiomyocytes from hypertrophy. This study focused on the association between SIRT6 and STAT3 in the regulation of cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. In the phenylephrine (PE)-induced hypertrophic cardiomyocyte model and in the hearts of isoprenaline-induced cardiac hypertrophic rat model, the mRNA and protein expressions of STAT3 and its phosphorylated level at tyrosine 705 (P-STAT3) were significantly increased. By contrast, the deacetylation activity of SIRT6 was weakened without altering its protein expression. In addition, the nuclear localization of STAT3 and P-STAT3 was enhanced by PE, suggesting that STAT3 was activated in cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. Adenovirus infection–induced SIRT6 overexpression repressed the activation of STAT3 by decreasing its mRNA and protein levels, by suppressing its transcriptional activity, and by hindering the expressions of its target genes. Moreover, the effect of SIRT6 overexpression on eliminating PE-induced expressions of hypertrophic biomarkers, such as atrial natriuretic factor and brain natriuretic peptide, was reversed by STAT3 overexpression. Likewise, SIRT6 knockdown–induced upregulation of atrial natriuretic factor and brain natriuretic peptide was reversed by STAT3 silencing. These observations suggest that the antihypertrophic effect of SIRT6 involves STAT3 suppression. In conclusion, SIRT6 prevents PE-induced activation of STAT3 in cardiomyocyte hypertrophy; the inhibitory effect of SIRT6 on STAT3 contributes to cardiac protection.

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